“ Small castle is small and narrow, its length goes from North to South, as well as the mountain. The door is at sunset, small and tiled with tiles, which is all the gem em> “
(Fotis Kontoglou (1962), The Castle of Gerakou, Piraiki-Patraiki Publishing House, No 84, p. 28)
The 1209 strong> Franks strong> on the top of the Parnon Hill strong> east of the current settlement built the Gerakir Castle by the Guy De Develle strong>. It was an intermediary station for the communication with fires, between the castles of Mystras and Monemvasia.
It is a large part of it, it has an irregular, approximately quadrilateral plan, with large corner towers and follows the architecture of mountainous castles of the time. It also presents its second phase of reinforcement, which is attributed to the period that came to the Byzantines. Around and inside the Castle, the settlement was intense in the late Byzantine years (13th – 15th c.). Many houses, churches and chapels are preserved. Apart from the importance of its monuments, it is of national importance. It is located in the middle of the road Mystras – Monemvasia. It was the military station that secured the transportation of the two major Byzantine centers: the Despotate of Mystras and the capital of the Byzantine Empire strong>.
Castle Churches strong>
Holy Church of Agia Paraskevi strong>
A post-Byzantine church of the post-Byzantine style, with nowadays dilapidated north and south. From his painting, which mainly belongs to the first half of the 15th century, a great part is preserved. I was interested in the performance with the six performances of the donors of the church, on the west wall and Ag. Friday, in the northern one, surrounded by a porous pilgrim with embossed and engraved decorations with geometric patterns and animals.
Holy Church of St. George strong>
One of the most important temples in the castle of Gerakion is the ΙΝ. of St. George. Originally, this temple was built as a double temple (11th century). Later during the Frankish rule several additions were made to the southern 3rd aisle and to the west a splint was added. Remarkable frescoes of Byzantine style, dating back to the late 13th and early 14th centuries, are preserved. A remarkable worshiper decorated with Frankish elements is also preserved, which surrounds the mural of Saint George. In the sanctuary there is a wall painting of the Bishop of Monemvasia of Petros, who had taken part in the 6th Ecumenical Synod (787 AD).