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Cave of Alepochori

The Couples strong> Cave is 5 km away. southwest of it Of the Municipal District of Alepochori, at an altitude of 350m. and to 50 meters from the 2nd Kouveleiki cave. It consists of two chambers: an exterior, dimension 8x4m. and a maximum height of 2.5 meters, and one inside dimensions 10x6m. and a maximum height of 1,60 m. The two chambers are separated from each other by a large limestone block is deposited in an archaeological layer of the Neolithic period excavation carried out by the Palaeoanthropology Ephorate of Greece, under the directed by archaeologist Eleni Stravopodi, were discovered which represent phases of the Modern and Final Neolithic Age. In these were mainly found pits with traces of ash and red clay, seating floors and multi-turnarounds. The findings includes plenty of pottery, worthwhile and qualitatively and quantitatively. Among the various categories, in the layer of the Modern Neolithic seasonal, black, brown and gray samples are identified pottery with or without written decoration. In the Matrix of the Final Neolithic Age dominates domestic and coarse pottery with slightly polished surface usually decorated with plastic decoration and embossed ropes or tapes with fingerprints. On other finds include tools from flint, but mainly from obsidian, mills and trimmers, bone tools, flywheels, some jewelery from clay and clay and three stylized figurines, – items that provide insights into everyday life and them occupations of many human groups that used the cave.
Many are the anthropological finds that were revealed in the cave. One of these, perhaps most importantly, are the infant infusion detected in the outer chamber. These are two vessels, one of which contained the infant’s bones and was inverted within a larger one broad-spectrum pituitary. The set was covered with limestone slab. THE the skeleton of the infant is preserved intact and shows no trace combustion, not even a mild degree.
The chronological horizons of its use of the cave were confirmed by the radio dictations made at Laboratory of Archaeometry of EKEF Democritus, which vary from 5300 to 3820 BC – From the study of all the findings, but and from the micromorphological analyzes, it is concluded that its use cave, as well as the nearby 2nd Kouveleikis cave, consists in a longer stay of mixed farming groups with domestic and economic activities. The Importance of Research is that a dual-use standard is being tested caves in a wider space of limited production capacity.
H B ‘Couples strong> cave grows on limestone tiles in the west side of a small shallow valley, B-N orientation, which extends to the west of the Evrotas Valley and especially to the southwest end of the lowland area of ​​Vrontama. It is 5 km away. southwest of it Of the Municipal District of Alepochori, at an altitude of 350m. from sea ​​surface and 50 meters away. by A Kouveleiki. OR Excavation Research conducted by the Palaeoanthropology Ephorate N. Greece, led by archaeologist Chrysanthis Kontaxis, brought to light importantly certifying the use of the cave the Newer and Final Neolithic Age.
The second Cave of Cave consists of one chamber, dimensions 25x2m. and a maximum height of 4 m. about. At excavation came to light ample pottery, mainly utilitarian, which mostly includes larval vein potatoes. In the others finds include stone tools, mainly obsidian, among them which recognizes blades, scrapers, holes, microbes and spikes arrows. There are still some bone tools and some jewelery. On animal bones include mostly domestic animals, sheep and goats cattle and pigs that refer to livestock activities.
Notable are also the anthropological finds. The first is part skeleton, a possible female fellow, whose scalp is saved with her personal country. The second burial was revealed near his face cave. This is an intact human skeleton mounted in ” situ ” in a timid posture.
The chronological horizons of using it of the cave were confirmed by the radio dictations made at Laboratory of Archaeometry of EKEF Demokritos and which range from 4458 to 3700 BC. The 2nd Kouveleiki, along with the adjacent A ‘Kouveleiki cave, falls within the framework known formations of economic and social structures of Neolithic society with elements of intensification in livestock farming.

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Σπήλαιο Αλεποχωρίου

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